On 15 August 2016, while speaking on the BBC Radio Ulster programme Talk Back, Joeli Brearley (Pregnant then Screwed contributor) claimed that “77% of working mothers endure some kind of discrimination”. The debate surrounding this statistic refers to an Equality and Human Rights Commission (Great Britain) report, which to be exact, stated: “Three in four mothers (77%) said they had a negative or possibly discriminatory experience during pregnancy; maternity leave; and on their return from maternity leave.”
Methodology and findings of the report
The aforementioned report applies to Great Britain (Scotland, Wales and England) and does not include Northern Ireland in its findings. Furthermore, this is the rate among women who report a wide range of negative experiences when surveyed. It is important to draw a distinction between cases of legal discrimination that have been brought forward and ruled upon by a tribunal, and complaints that range all the way from illegal dismissal, to unwanted comments from colleagues. 22% of mothers raised the issue, either formally or informally, with their employer.
Data for Northern Ireland
Corresponding data has not been collected for Northern Ireland, including by Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA). However, the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland released a report on 25 November 2016, based on their own investigations into workplace discrimination of pregnant women and mothers in Northern Ireland.
Titled “Expecting Equality: a formal investigation into the treatment of pregnant workers and mothers in Northern Ireland workplaces”, the investigation was launched in January 2015 under the Sex Discrimination (Northern Ireland) Order 1976.
The full report found that 36% of women in Northern Ireland felt they had been treated unfairly or disadvantaged at work as a result of pregnancy or from taking maternity leave. 50% of women thought their career opportunities were worse than before pregnancy, whilst 43% believed that motherhood has no impact on their career opportunities.
906 women responded to an online survey and 57 women participated via a series of focus groups held across Northern Ireland.